Tuesday, November 9, 2010

Smokers watch out!

Home Exposure to Tobacco Carcinogens High in Children of Smokers

Source: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/11/101109183251.htm

ScienceDaily (Nov. 9, 2010) — Ninety percent of children who lived in a house where an adult smoked had evidence of tobacco-related carcinogens in their urine, according to research presented at the Ninth AACR Frontiers in Cancer Prevention Research Conference, held from Nov 7-10 in Philadelphia.

The average amount of tobacco metabolites in children aged one month to 10 years old was 8 percent of what is found in a smoker, said the lead researcher Janet L. Thomas, Ph.D., assistant professor of behavioral medicine at the University of Minnesota.

"This finding is striking, because while all of the researchers involved in this study expected some level of exposure to carcinogens, the average levels were higher than what we anticipated," she said. For comparison, carcinogens found in the urine of adult non-smokers exposed to secondhand smoke are about 1 percent to 5 percent that of smokers.

"No one knows the long-term impact of cumulative exposure to these chemicals. It could prime the body in some way that leads to DNA changes in cells that might contribute to lung damage, and potentially lung cancer," Thomas said.

The researchers also found a direct correlation between the number of cigarettes one or more adults smoked in the house each day and tobacco metabolites in the children who lived there. There was also an association between childhood exposure to secondhand smoke and lower socioeconomic status, employment and parental education.

Additionally, black children had the highest levels of tobacco-related metabolites in their urine, even if their parent or parents smoked comparatively less.

"This suggests, as other researchers have found, that African-Americans metabolize tobacco-related chemicals differently," she said.

The researchers conducted this study to quantify tobacco-related carcinogens in children, with the hope that the children's parents might be open to banning smoking inside the home.

"Almost one third of young children in the United States live in a house with at least one smoker," Thomas said. "My concern is that parents and family members may not truly understand the risk they pose to these children."

The researchers took urine samples from 79 children who lived in a home where at least one parent smoked. They quantified total NNAL (a biomarker of NNK, which is a nitrosamine produced during tobacco curing and is a known carcinogen), as well as nicotine and cotinine, a metabolite of nicotine that stays longer in the body.

Ninety percent of the children had detectable levels of NNAL and nicotine in their urine; 95 percent had evidence of cotinine.

In addition, the researchers measured carbon monoxide levels in parents and asked about the number of cigarettes smoked per day and smoking restrictions in the home. NNAL levels were significantly lower in homes that had complete smoking restrictions and there was a correlation between cigarettes smoked per day and NNAL in their children.

"Based on these results, there is little doubt that total NNAL in the urine of children could be substantially reduced by home smoking restrictions," said Thomas. "We need to act now to ensure that all parents have the facts they need to make informed decisions to protect their families from this completely preventable health hazard."

Editor's Note: This article is not intended to provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.


Merokok itu haram sebab kesan yang begitu buruk kepada manusia. Namun begitu, manusia masih lagi suka merokok. Kenapa merokok? Banyak sebab dan alasan yang diberi seperti:

1. Badan penat kalau tak merokok.
2. Tak boleh fokus kerja.
3. Kalau tak merokok akan demam

Jika difikirkan semua alasan itu tak logik lansung. Hanya orang yang tidak sukakan kebenaran sahaja yang akan kata alasan itu logik dan boleh diterima akal. Manakah salahnya masyarakat Malaysia tak tak kisah tentang perokok?

Pada pendapat saya, perokok ni kalau nak merokok, kalau nak rosakkan jantung dan paru-paru sendiri, kalau nak dapat kanser, silakanlah. Masalahnya di sini, apabila mereka ini merokok, secara sengaja atau tidak sengaja, mereka ini akan melibatkan orang lain sekali kerana asap rokok yang dihembus keluar.

Asap rokok ini pula sangatlah karsinogenik (penyebab kanser) berbanding dengan apa yang mereka sedut ke dalam paru-paru. Oleh itu, kesan merokok kepada perokok adalah kurang berbanding dengan orang yang berada di sekeliling mereka.

Kalau kita makan di gerai makan contohnya, pastinya akan ada perokok. Jika dilihat pada sikap dan gelagat perokok ini, mereka sebenarnya adalah sangat biadap dan tidak bertimbang rasa. Semasa memesan makanan dan sebelum makanan tiba mereka akan mula untuk merokok. Pada ketika itu, mereka tidak menghiraukan orang di sekeliling mereka dengan menghembuskan asap rokok ke atas, ke belakang, ke kiri ke kanan, asalkan asap rokok itu tidak dibawa angin ke arah mereka mahupun rakan-rakan yang duduk semeja dengan mereka. Ke manakah perginya asap rokok ini? Kat mana lagi jika bukan kepada orang lain yang sedang makan!

Yang peliknya apabila makanan sampai, mereka akan berhenti merokok dan makan. Semasa mereka makan tidak pula ada antara mereka yang merokok kerana hormat kat orang semeja yang sedang makan. Orang meja lain tidak dihiraukan. Begitulah sikap mereka ini. Pentingkan diri. Saya ulang sekali lagi 'kalau nak rokok duduk jauh-jauh dan bunuh diri sendiri sudah, jangan ganggu orang lain'.

Saya tidak ingin untuk menulis tentang kesan 'first hand smoke', 'second hand smoke' dan 'third hand smoke' di sini kerana kita semua tahu kesan asap rokok.

Kepada yang Muslim, jangan lupa 'Rokok itu HARAM'.

Muslim Malaysia tak tahu malu.

Germany Will Become Islamic State, Says Chancellor Merkel

Family Security Matters 22 September 2010
By Paul Williams, PhD

Chancellor Angela Merkel said that Germans have failed to grasp how Muslim immigration has transformed their country and will have to come to terms with more mosques than churches throughout the countryside, according to the Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung daily.

"Our country is going to carry on changing, and integration is also a task for the society taking up the task of dealing with immigrants,” Ms. Merkel told the daily newspaper. "For years we've been deceiving ourselves about this. Mosques, for example, are going to be a more prominent part of our cities than they were before.”

Germany, with a population of 4-5 million Muslims, has been divided in recent weeks by a debate over remarks by the Bundesbank's Thilo Sarrazin, who argued Turkish and Arab immigrants were failing to integrate and were swamping Germany with a higher birth rate.

The Chancellor’s remarks represent the first official acknowledgement that Germany, like other European countries, is destined to become a stronghold of Islam. She has admitted that the country will soon become a stronghold.

In France, 30% of children age 20 years and below are Muslims. The ratio in Paris and Marseille has soared to 45%. In southern France, there are more mosques than churches.

The situation within the United Kingdom is not much different. In the last 30 years, the Muslim population there has climbed from 82,000 to 2.5 million. Presently, there are over 1000 mosques throughout Great Britain - - many of which were converted from churches.

In Belgium, 50% of the newborns are Muslims and reportedly its Islamic population hovers around 25%. A similar statistic holds true for The Netherlands.

It’s the same story in Russia where one in five inhabitants is a Muslim.

Muammar Gaddafi recently stated that "There are signs that Allah will grant victory to Islam in Europe without sword, without gun, without conquest. We don’t need terrorists; we don’t need homicide bombers. The 50 plus million Muslims (in Europe) will turn it into the Muslim Continent within a few decades.”

The numbers support him.

FamilySecurityMatters.org Contributing Editor Paul L. Williams, Ph.D., is the author of The Day of Islam: The Annihilation of America and the Western World, The Al Qaeda Connection, and other best-selling books. He is a frequent guest on such national news networks as ABC News, CBS News, Fox News, MSNBC, and NPR. Visit his website at http://thelastcrusade.org/. (...)


Komen saya:

Kita boleh melihat peningkatan bilangan Muslim di Barat. Selama ini, kita yang memandang Barat sebagai contoh yang tidak baik, anti-Islamik dan tidak rasional.

Ke manakah salahnya kita di Malaysia ini. Merdeka sudah tetapi pemikiran masih tidak berubah. Apa tidaknya, lihatlah ada ke tidak peningkatan orang Islam yang boleh dibanggakan?


Monday, November 1, 2010

Ajaran Sains dalam Islam - Manakah salahnya?

Memang tidak dinafikan bahawa ada banyak ayat-ayat dalam Quran yang bersifat saintifik. Ayat-ayat ini lebih difahami apabila terdapat penemuan-penemuan sains. Sebagai manusia, kita telah dianugerahkah otak untuk berfikir dan berkebolehan untuk mengkaji ayat-ayat ini. Ada antara ayat-ayat dalam al-Quran secara lansung menceritakan tentang sains dan ada banyak juga ayat-ayat yang Allah SWT menguja manusia untuk berfikir dan mengkaji tentang alam ciptaanNya. Secara lansung dan tidak lansung, kita boleh melihat kepentingan sains.

Namun begitu, apa yang membimbangkan saya adalah cara sains diajar dan dikaji pada zaman moden ini. Pada ketika ini, sains moden diajar seolah-olah tiada cacat-cela, seolah-olah satu kebenaran yang nyata.

Sains disajikan seolah-olah ianya adalah kebenaran tanpa limitasi dan bebas daripada kesalahan. Matlamat untuk memberikan pengetahuan sains itu adalah amat penting tetapi caranya disalurkan adalah salah.

Penemuan sains yang tidak lengkap dan bersifat hanya teori dan hipotesis pada hari ini diajarkan kepada anak-anak kita sebagai fakta/kebenaran. Anak-anak yang dibesarkan dengan ilmu ini pula akan menjadi keliru dan menganggap semua yang dipelajarinya hari ini sebagai satu fakta yang tidak mungkin salah. Mereka juga belajar untuk menerima sesuatu tanpa bukti, asalkan argumen/perbahasannya adalah logik.

Secara tidak sengaja, mereka diprogram untuk menerima apa-apa sahaja yang logik di telinga. Pastinya ramai yang pada suatu hari akan terperangkap dengan pandangan-pandangan yang bersifat falsafah.

Saya berdoa agar guru-guru sains di luar sana sedar. Ajarkanlah anak-anak kita sains yang sebenar. Ajarkanlah supaya sekurang-kurangnya mereka memahami apakah itu anggapan/teori/hipotesis. Jangan biarkan mereka terperangkap sehingga tidak tahu untuk membezakan antaranya dengan kebenaran/fakta.